typically, Roman tradition views continuity, Greek historians pressure initiation.
I expect, helpful.
shows something awesome in the historical world. The word
refers to absolute nudity. In Classical times, a guy was
covered by armor, exposed (Thuc.
Hell. 4.4.12); and “light-armed,” as opposed to the
Heavy armed hoplite.
Pyth. 11.49) was the race run without armour, in contrast to the hoplitodromos.
usage, however, was specifically “exercising in the
nude.”22 The word had become something awesome, just as
the Greeks had made something new of the ancient so-
In Homer’s poems, of around 800 B.C., nakedness
implies shame, vulnerability, death, and dishonor.
The naked body of the hero must be saved. Thersites is threatened with being stripped and run naked
through the assembly. Odysseus covers himself with
leaves before Nausicaa.23 The latter case, of
Class, may be due to the specific conditions. The
hero is meeting a young, single girl for the
first time, and it’d hardly be proper for him
to appear before her fully nude. Homer presents us, it appears, as so frequently, with the old and the
Fresh, the traditional and the first instance of what
is to come.
An important passage seems to exemplify this type of coexistence. In the 22nd publication of the Iliad, Priam and Hecuba
in turn attempt-in vain-to dissuade Hector from
going to struggle and to certain death. Both appeal to his
compassion, and admiration, by facing him with the spectacle of their nakedness. The sight of one’s parents’ nakedness is amazing.24 Priam paints a picture of his
own departure and degradation. An old man’s passing is
dogs mutilate the hoary head and the grey beard and the
Components that are black (albi^), this, for all depressed mortality is the sight most pitiful” (II. 22.74-76). Instantly
after this, Hecuba exhibits her breast and holds it out
for Hector, in entreaty (79-81). This pitiable significance refers to the traditional sense of nakedness.
What is new is what Priam contrasts with the
grisly, shameful, ugly passing of an old man: the attractiveness
“For a young man
all is decorous when he is cut down in conflict and torn
with the sharp bronze, and lies there, and though dead
all that reveals about him is beautiful… ” (II.
22.71-73). The image is startling at this kind of early
date. It was intelligibly famed.
passage sounded down the centuries, among them
Tyrtaios’s well-known poem, with its comparison of horrible
For this is shameful, for an elderly guy fallen in conflict
among the front line combatants to lie before the young
men, an older man with his hair white and beard silvery, breathing his virulent life into the dust, his
bloody genitals in his hands and with his skin all bare.
This sight is black for the eyes to beholdand reprehensible. But in contrast among young men all these
things are proper as long as he beams in the bloom of
Wonderful youth manhood. http://www.thoun.com/categories/ to
see and fantastically attractivefor women while he is
alive-and he appears additionally honorable and lovely
fallen in the front line.25
There’s no hint of any difference between Greeks
and barbarians in Homer in relation to language, religion (the Trojans’ sacrifice at the temple of Athena),
dress, or nudity.
heroes “gird their loins” to prepare for the wrestling
match. Early writers assumed this meant that http://www.thoun.com/latest-updates/
wore the perizoma. Lately others have indicated
that they were participated in belt-wrestling, known from
the ancient Near East, where bare male figures wearing thick belts were common in early or protohistoric
cover their genitals. Complete nudity for men could signify service to the god, a ritual “costume.”
The naked girl, always revealed in front view, was
An extremely common theme that could have different meanings at different times. In Near Eastern artwork goddesses
were so represented, primary among them Ishtar
(Astarte), whose strong, nude image was extensively
Dispersed, and influential in many places and spans.28 The most frequent connotation of female nudity
in historical times seems to have been service rendered
in the temple.29 For guys, however, in the ancient
Near East and elsewhere it was a sign of defeat. As in
shame, slavery, humiliation.30
Greek prehistory offers fewer examples of whole
nudity. Active younger guys and heroes were symbolized in art wearing the perizoma or short pants31
throughout the Aegean and the entire Mediterranean,
in contrast to elderly men, dressed in long chitons and