that is not shared by all cultures, nor by all members of our very own culture.20
18. There is evidence that modesty is just not related to nakedness whatsoever, but is rather a reply to seeming
Distinct in the remaining social group–for instance, outside the approved customs of clothing or adornment.21
For example, indigenous tribes nude except for ear and lip plugs feel immodest when the stoppers are
removed, not when their bodies are exposed.22 Likewise, a girl feels immodest if seen in her slip, even though
it’s far less revealing than her bikini.23 This also explains why clothed visitors to nudist parks feel uncomfortable in
their state of apparel. Shrink Emery S. Bogardus writes: “Nakedness is never black when it is unconscious,
In other words, when there’s no consciousness of a difference between fact and the rule set by the mores.” In other words,
for first-time visitors into a nudist park, there is absolutely no hint of humiliation after an initial reticence, because it is not
contrary to the moral standards.
19. Shame comes from being outside mores, not from specific activities or conditions. Because nudity is
unremarkable in a nudist setting, nudists might even forget that they’re bare–and frequently do.
20. Emotional research have proven that modesty need not be related to one’s state of attire in any way. For the
nudist, modesty is just not spill with one’s garments; it merely takes an alternate sort.24
Emotional studies by Martin Weinberg reasoned that the fundamental difference between nudists and nonnudists
lies in their otherwise-built definitions of the situation. It really isn’t that nudists are immodest, for, like
non-nudists, they’ve standards to regulate and control immorality, sexuality, and embarrassment. Nudists merely
accept the human body as natural, rather than as a wellspring of humiliation.25
21. Many native tribes go entirely naked without shame, even today. It is just through extended
contact using the “modern” world that they learn to be “small.” 26
Paul Ableman writes: “The missionaries were usually disconcerted to discover that the biblically advocated
act of ‘clothes the naked’, far from generating an advancement in native morals, nearly consistently resulted in a
deterioration. What the missionaries were mistakenly doing was recreating the Garden of Eden scenario. Naked,
the primitive cultures had revealed no prurient matter with the body. . . . the ethical motive was usually geared to the
naked state of the culture. The missionaries, using their cotton short pants and dresses, disrupted this. Nude people
actually feel shame when they are first dressed. They acquire an exaggerated awareness of the body. It’s as if Adam
and Eve’s ‘aprons’ created the ‘knowledge of good and evil’ rather than being its result.” 27
Many Amazon rainforest individuals still dwell clothing-optional by choice, even given an option.28 The
same holds true of the aborigines of central Australia.29
22. Even in North America, nudity was commonplace among many native tribes prior to the entrance of
Lewis and Clark reported nearly-nude natives across the northern Pacific coast, as an example,30 as did
visitors to California.31 Father Louis Hennepin in 1698 reported of Milwaukee-place Illinois Indians, “They go blunt
naked in summer, wearing merely a form of Shoes made of the Skins of [buffalo] Bulls.” He described several
other North American tribes as also ordinarily residing without clothing.32 The natives of Florida wore only
breechclouts and sashes of Spanish moss, which they removed while hunting or gardening.33 Columbus wrote of
the Indians he encountered in the Caribbean in 1492, “They all go around as naked as their mothers bore them; and
also the girls.” 34 The Polynesian natives of Hawaii wore little clothing, and none whatsoever at the shore or in the

water, before the arrival of Christian missionaries with Captain Cook in 1776.35
23. For many native tribes, nudity or near-nudity is a vital part of their culture.
Paul Ableman describes, “very few primitives are completely naked. They nearly always have ornamentation or
Body modification of some sort, which plays a fundamental part in their culture. . . . Into this simple but successful
culture comes the missionary, and obliterates the key signals beneath his cheap Western clothing. Among many
primitives, tattooing, scarification and ornamentation carry exceptionally detailed which may, in fact, be the
central regulatory force in the society. The missionary therefore, at one strike, annihilates a culture. It was probably no
less traumatic to get a primitive society to be suddenly clothed than it would be for ours to be suddenly stripped
Nude.” 36
24. Yet missionaries have consistently sought to inflict their particular notions of “decency” on other cultures,
Discounting the elaborate ethnic conventions seeing attire already in place.
Bernard Rudofsky writes: “People [in other cultures] who traditionally don’t have a lot of use for clothing are