(See Greek Hero Cults p.’357) Farnell was likely correct since the so-called “Finger of Attis” is interpreted by

many as phallus as well (see E.R.E., S.V. “Hand”). The ancients considered that the middle finger of either hand had
a phallic connotation. Early Roman authors mention that the middle finger fully extended and held upright
represented the Penis and the shut fingers and thumb on each side signified the testicles. (For references see
Scott. Phallic Worship, p. 108). For more about Heracles and the phallic symbolism see: J. C. P. Deanna, “Du
Divin au Grotesque,” Revue d’Ethnographie er des Traditions poppulaires 7 (1926): 31; Alexandre Colson,
“Hercule Phalophore,” Gazerre Archologique 3 (1877): 169; J. E. Harisson, Themis: A Study of the Social
Origins of Greek Religion (Cambridge, 1912). p. 383 n. 2.

230

Source of Nudity in Greek Athletics
Span that scholars imputed the so called “heroic nudity” which instead signals that nudity in Greek sport had something to do with heroes or warriors.
The late 8th century is also when the start of the series of statues of naked Greek
kouroi appeared. All kouroi don’t represent Apollo, since many have been
Found in graveyards where they must have served as tombstones representing human beings. Also in archaic times kouroi were used for victors in
8
the games4
Why was nudity in sport a unique Greek phenomenon, since the primitive
human response in using nudity for aggression, from which athletic nudity was
developed, was common in other cultures as well? In order to answer this
question, one should consider another aspect of Greek life, quite exceptional in
Greek lands, the hero cult,49 which was associated with games.’O Greek heroes
and gods proudly displayed their physical energy and needed the same thing
from their devotees. The presence of Heracles at Olympia was of prime
Relevance for the survival of the custom of nudity in Greek sport because
he was, by tradition, a bare hero and a naked warrior-athlete par excellence
whose nudity was copied by the sportsmen.
If nudity was viewed as beneficial to the warrior-athlete, why was it kept only
in sports since ancient warriors needed protection and assertiveness at least as
much as athletes? The Greeks while winning their way to classical civilization
Kept the custom of nudity in athletics but they weren’t conscious of the
aggressive aspect of it as were their remote ancestors. In other words, the custom
of nudity continued into a higher culture but the practice of endeavouring to
Risk-free protection in this way had been lost or abandoned. This was the primary
Rationale the ancient warrior had no comprehension of this feeling of
protection. This is also the case with several current tribes among whom the
habit of nudity for http://troyxxx.com/tube/nudism/ predominated but is rapidly disappearing as they
Slowly come under the effect of modern culture. The Classical Greeks
felt so strongly about their nudity that they considered that to be embarrassed to be seen
Nude in the gymnasium was the characteristic, the evidence and the hint of a
barbarian. The reason why the Greeks fell in love with their nudity isn’t the
purpose of this paper. That job has been nicely done by other writers. 51
48. G. M. A. Richter, girls nudist video :Archaic Greek Yourhs (London, 1960), p. 1. Also see Bonfante, (Efruscan, pp.
20, 28) who writes that the Etruscan equivalent of a Greek kouros wears a perizoma. The second half of the 8th
century, as the span of the change from the warrior-athlete nudity to fit nudity, should be viewed with
some reservations because the scanty material signs may be deceptive. In addition, one cannot exclude the
role of artistic convention in the stuff evidence cited here.
49. Herodotos (2.50) said that heroes have no position in the faith of Egypt. Also see Peter Kahane,
“The Cesnola Krater from Kourion in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: An Iconological Study in Greek
Geometric Artwork,” in The Archaeology of Cyprus: Recent Developments, ed. Noel Robertson (Park Ridge, N.J.:
Noyes Press, 1975). 185. For a thorough investigation of the hero cult in both prehistoric and historic Greece see
Erwin Rohde. Soul: The Cult of Souls and Belief in Immortality Among the Greeks (London. 1950), pp. 115-155;
Farnell, Greek Hero Cults. passim; A.D. Neck, “The Cult of Heroes,” Harvard Theological Review 37 (1944):
141-173.
50. See Rohde, Psyche, pp. 116-l 17; Mircea Eliade. A History of Religious Ideas from the Stone Age to the
EIeusinian Mysteries (Chicago, 1978), pp. 285, 313. For references found throughout ancient Greek literature,
concerning the matches held in honour of the Greek heroes see: Lynn E. Roller, “Funeral Games in Greek Art,” AJA
85 (1981): 107.119.
51. Fardiner (AAW, p. 58) wrote: ” http://nudists-video.net/pins ‘s not merely that exposure to the air and the sun-tub are. as doctors now

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